The Royal Navy and Anti-Submarine Warfare, 1917-49 (Naval by Malcolm Llewellyn-Jones
By Malcolm Llewellyn-Jones
An crucial new account of how anti-submarine conflict is conducted, with a spotlight on either old and present-day operations.
This new book shows how till 1944 U-boats operated as submersible torpedo craft which relied seriously at the floor for circulate and charging their batteries. This development was once repeated in WWII until eventually Allied anti-submarine countermeasures had compelled the Germans to change their latest U-boats with the schnorkel. Countermeasures alongside additionally driven the advance of high-speed U-boats in a position to always submerged operations.
This examine indicates how those more suitable submarines turned benchmark of the post-war Russian submarine problem. Royal army doctrine used to be constructed via specialist anti-submarine officials, and in line with the well-tried blend of protective and offensive anti-submarine measures that had stood the click of time considering the fact that 1917, even though massive technological swap.
This constant and holistic view of anti-submarine struggle has no longer been understood via many of the next historians of those anti-submarine campaigns, and this ebook offers a necessary and new perception into how chilly warfare, and certainly glossy, anti-submarine conflict is performed.
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Extra resources for The Royal Navy and Anti-Submarine Warfare, 1917-49 (Naval Policy and History)
The Royal Navy was presented with night surface attacks by U-boats about one year into the war. It is not evident that this came as a surprise to the Royal Navy. A. 72 Although experiments had been conducted with flares during the First World War, in reality little could be done to counter these tactics until the widespread introduction of radar. Overall, the Admiralty’s approach was underpinned by a widespread realization that anti-submarine warfare was difficult. For example, Captain R. ’ As a result, the submarine’s reaction would be unrealistic.
60 Churchill, the First Lord, was also unceasing in his search for offensive operations. One of his schemes expressed in a typical minute to the First Sea Lord in November 1939, read: Nothing can be more important in the anti-submarine war than to try to obtain an independent flotilla which could work like a cavalry division on the approaches, without worrying about the traffic or U-boat sinkings, but could systematically search large areas over a wide front. G. Talbot, the new Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare, asking for his comments in view of his experiences while commanding a striking force.
A U-boat could pass through the arc while the asdic was searching on the other side of the ship, although this was unlikely for escort speeds below 14 knots. At higher speeds, or when asdic conditions were bad, the arc was reduced. Because of the time taken to complete a full sweep and the movement of the escort, the effective width of the lane searched was reduced. 38 Once a contact was gained, its distance from the escort was available from the asdic range recorder but there was no means of directly measuring the bearing of the U-boat.