The Europeanization of National Foreign Policy: Continuity by E. Gross
By E. Gross
Eva Gross analyzes altering nationwide personal tastes in the direction of the ecu CFSP and ESDP via delivering specific debts of British, French and German challenge decision-making in FYROM, Afghanistan, Lebanon and DR Congo. whereas transatlantic kin stay very important, hindrance administration below the european label is more and more authorized in nationwide capitals.
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Extra info for The Europeanization of National Foreign Policy: Continuity and Change in European Crisis Management (Palgrave studies in European Union Politics)
Having defined the terms, as well as the dependent and independent variables in this research endeavour, it is now possible to formulate a number of hypotheses that will be tested in the empirical chapters. The governmental politics approach is concerned with analysing the decision-making process in a particular instance rather than with the formulation of a grand theory. Two competing assumptions can nevertheless be derived from this approach that tie together the analysis of Europeanization versus alliance politics: (1) If key government officials, bureaucrats and/or the elite public sphere favour the utilization of EU CFSP/ESDP over other institutional venues, and if they succeed in implementing their preferences, this results in a significant role for the EU CFSP/ESDP and points towards evidence of Europeanization; whereas: (2) If the reverse is true – that key officials either do not favour the utilization of the EU CFSP/ESDP, or favour the utilization but do not succeed in implementing their preferences, then this results in a small role for The Europeanization of National Foreign Policy?
2001: 3). But, because member states initiate these EU policies that they later adapt to, the two dimensions of Europeanization are linked in practice, suggesting that Europeanization is a mutually constitutive process of change at the national and the European level (Radaelli, 2002; Börzel, 2003). In addition, socialization mechanisms and cognitive change also suggest a third dimension of Europeanization, where changes come about through the transfer of norms or ideas. Building on the broad definitions of Europeanization presented above, Wong (2005) subsequently suggests that three conceptions of Europeanization in particular can be useful in explaining possible changes taking place in foreign policy-making in EU member states: national adaptation (a top-down process), national projection (a bottom-up process), and identity reconstruction (changing interests and identities).
Albanian nationalism thus took root and began to grow predominantly in Kosovo, as well as in FYROM (Liotta, 2003). Following the declarations of independence by Slovenia and Croatia in June 1991, FYROM held a referendum on 8 September 1991 and declared Continuity and Change in European Crisis Management 31 independence on 17 November 1991. Whereas Serbia agreed to Macedonian independence and Bulgaria also quickly recognized the new state (although not its language), Greece blocked the recognition of the country.