The Castles of the Rhine: Recreating the Middle Ages in by Robert R. Taylor

Germany

By Robert R. Taylor

Faraway from being mere antiquarian or sentimental curiosities, the rebuilt or reused fortresses of the Rhine replicate significant alterations in Germany and Europe in the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Taylor starts The Castles of the Rhine with a synopsis of the main political, social and highbrow adjustments that inspired citadel rebuilding within the 19th century. He then makes a speciality of chosen castles, describing their turbulent histories from the time in their unique development, via their destruction or decay, to their rediscovery within the 1800s and their endured upkeep this present day. interpreting this ebook is resembling taking a look at background even though a romantic-nationalist kaleidoscope. Amply illustrated with maps and pictures, The Castles of the Rhine is an excellent spouse for a person with desires or event of traveling alongside the Rhine.

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Although none of these reforms was a serious threat to the established order, conservatives were worried. There were problems elsewhere, too. Because of the aforementioned post-war depression, economically motivated disturbances erupted in France in 1816 and in 1817 an uprising occurred in the Papal States. In response to such rebellions the Holy Alliance chose Aachen in the Rhineland as the site of their first post-war congress, a choice which reflected their view of the sensitivity of the area—so close to and so recently a part of trouble-making France.

The Rhinelanders' Roman Catholicism distanced them from Prussian Protestantism. Moreover, the French Revolution had introduced yet another element—a desire for constitutional government—which differentiated the Rhineland from Prussia. Other disquieting facts made the Prussian authorities suspicious of Rhinelanders. In Koblenz's main cemetery as late as 1843 (the twentieth anniversary of Napoleon's death), a memorial to local men killed fighting on the French side was unveiled. 12 Respect for military courage regardless of its national origins, faith in the inscribed declaration of loyalty, or the expense of demolition deterred the Prussian authorities from removing such memorials.

As barter declined and a cash economy emerged, access to currency meant access to more luxury and power. Nobles, princes or archbishops living in castles above the river therefore extended chains or ropes across the channel, stopping all traffic and charging a fee for further passage. 5 The Emperor himself claimed a certain amount of the toll harvest. On the other hand each collector had the responsibility of keeping his section of the water highway, including the towpath, in good repair and of providing an escort to protect merchants from bandits.

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