The Amazonian Languages (Cambridge Language Surveys) by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

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By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

The Amazon Basin is the least identified and the main complicated linguistic sector on the planet at the present time. it's the domestic of a few three hundred languages a lot of which (often incompletely documented and ordinarily endangered) convey houses that represent exceptions to got principles approximately linguistic universals. This booklet is the 1st in English to supply an available assessment of this wealthy and intriguing linguistic zone. it is going to supply a foundation for additional learn on Amazonian languages in addition to some degree of access to special information for theoretical linguists.

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The Amazonian Languages (Cambridge Language Surveys)

The Amazon Basin is the least recognized and the main complicated linguistic sector on the earth this present day. it's the domestic of a few three hundred languages a lot of which (often incompletely documented and ordinarily endangered) exhibit homes that represent exceptions to bought rules approximately linguistic universals. This e-book is the 1st in English to supply an available evaluation of this wealthy and fascinating linguistic quarter.

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The first can usually be considered the head phrase, and the phI""ases that follow may have one of several functíons: coordinating, modífying, adding a greater degree of specification, or as an afterthought clarification. Each phrase in the sequence is usually separated by a brief pause. These sequences can be left-dislocated for emphasis or as a top­ icalizatíon device. More often they are right-dislocated, following the majn predica­ tion. A single noun or phrase can also be left- or right-dislocated, as is often the case with the PA post-verbal O constituent mentioned aboye.

Palatalizadon and affrieativization processes are reported ror KU (Franehetto 1995). In WA-AT both palatalization and labialization of k and h occur: syllable-initial k·v and hY can oceur as the result of the optional deletioll of the vowel i between k or h and y; and k IV and h" optionally occur when the vowel i irnmediateIy follows the initial C; 1055 of palatalization also occurs in WA-AT: fl> n when followed by a C. 1 respectively. In sorne CA dialects there has been los5 of word-medial which has resulted in breathiness of the vowel in the preceding syllable, which sometimes takes the form of a velar or glottal fricative in syllable-final posi­ tion (Hoff 1992).

With all this glottalization going on in Waimiri-Atroarl, it is of interes! that HiJI and HiIl (1994) do nOI show glo¡tal stop as a separate segment in the phonemic inventory, on the grounds that it does not fill a normal C role in the language. It always oe¡;:urs in conjunction with a vowel or nasal consonant. (9) In CA. [h] oceurs in word-medial syllable-final position in sorne dialects and [xj in other dialects, as a result of a historical process of syllable reduction (Hoff 1968,1992; Gildea 1995a).

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