Devavāṇīpraveśikā: An Introduction to the Sanskrit Language by Robert P. Goldman, Sally Sutherland J. Goldman


By Robert P. Goldman, Sally Sutherland J. Goldman

Offers the evidence of Sanskrit language basically as they exhibit themselves in use in literature, and purely secondarily as they laid down by way of the local grammarians.

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Extra resources for Devavāṇīpraveśikā: An Introduction to the Sanskrit Language

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Here all the word boundaries happen to coincide with syllable boundaries. Words are separated in roman transliteration. 3-4) a single roman letter obscures the point of word boundary. For example, � and � would be transliterated as giim iinaya and agnir aham. 3). 26 � :? 9 7 �:; � 9 o 1 2 3 4 5 8 0 They are used in exactly the same way as our numbers. Thus � �OG�:; 24,068. A sign (S), called � (avagraha) or separation, is often used to separate words whose initial "a" or "a" vowel has been lost or has combined with another vowel from words that precede them.

Thus, for ai the "echo" will be i, while for au, the echo will be u. The following are some examples. Echo sounds are put in brackets. Q pronounced deva(ha) mu nil) pronounced muni(hi) pronounced dhi(hi) dhii) pronounced vi�Qu(hu) vi�I)UQ pronounced mune(he) munel). devail). pronounced devai(hi) Note: These "echo" or "ghost syllables" are not truly syllabic in a word or line. Often, when visarga occurs within a word, the "echo" is not clearly articulated. In this case it is audible just as a slight "hiss" of air at the velurn.

40). Original Final Consonant Clusters " f. Original final consonant clusters are reduced to the first consonant of the cluster. 26 � (Sandhi) of Original Final "-&. '' (-s) By far the most confusing aspect of nonvocalic � (sandhi) and the one most essential to grasp quickly and thoroughly concerns the phonological permutations of original final "-�· (-s), which may be replaced with the postvocalic aspiration called � (visarga) " (1)) or with the semivowel ""{' (r). The treatment of this sound in the various final positions is a little complex.

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