Denying Existence: The Logic, Epistemology and Pragmatics of by A. Chakrabarti

Logic

By A. Chakrabarti

This e-book attempts to discover, in language as non-technical as attainable, the private philosophical difficulties concerning the logical prestige of empty (singular) phrases corresponding to `Pegasus', `Batman', `The most unlikely staircase departs in Escher's portray `Ascending-Descending'+ etc., and relating to sentences which deny the lifestyles of singled-out fictional entities. it is going to be attention-grabbing for literary theorists with an aptitude for good judgment, to scholars of metaphysics and philosophy of language, and for historians of philosophy drawn to the destiny of the Russell-Meinong debate. For lecturers of those elements of analytic philosophy this can offer a textbook which matches past the Western culture (without plunging into any mystical jap `Emptiness', that's what a few past comparative philosophers did!).

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Causal theorists of proper names have shown convin:ing reasons to reject the Russellian equation of "Socrates did not exist" with "It is false that one and only one person did all that is attributed to a certain character called 'Socrates' by Plato. etc". 25 Descriptive Theories Thus, getting the most important types of revisionary accounts of existence statements out of our way, we shall now briefly examine the descriptive theories which try to keep faithful to the surface indication &t it is the.

H. really lived in London"? We need the problematic notion of quasi-infentional use of a name by which we draw ourselves partly into the game of make-believe where we can locate our fictional referent and yet not get committed to the existence of such a referent. Yet Kripke does not make this phenomenon of being at the same time in and out of a make-believe clear. Second, in the MooreKripke solution of the problem there is also a vague worry about having to designate or, at least, describe a nonexistent but possible proposition.

Trearise. Bk. 1. Pt. IIU8n. 1. "By whatever and by however many predicates we may think a thing, even if we completely determine it - we do not make the least addition to the thing when we further declare that the thing is. Otherwise it would not exactly be the same thing that exists. but something more than what we thought in the concept; and we could not, therefore. say that the exact object of my concept exists" (Kant. , B 628). R. B. 266-79. R. B 284. "By means of the predicate existence. " Quoted by Dryer (1966) from some little-known work of Kant.

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