Democratizing the Enemy: The Japanese American Internment by Brian Masaru Hayashi

Specific Demographics

By Brian Masaru Hayashi

During international battle II a few 120,000 jap american citizens have been forcibly faraway from their houses and detained in focus camps in different states. those eastern americans misplaced hundreds of thousands of greenbacks in estate and have been compelled to reside in so-called "assembly facilities" surrounded through barbed cord fences and armed sentries.

during this insightful and groundbreaking paintings, Brian Hayashi reevaluates the three-year ordeal of interred jap american citizens. utilizing formerly undiscovered records, he examines the forces in the back of the U.S. government's selection to set up internment camps. His end: the causes of presidency officers and best army brass most probably transcended the traditional causes of racism, wartime hysteria, and management failure. one of the different astonishing components that performed into the choice, Hayashi writes, have been land improvement within the American West and plans for the yank profession of Japan.

What used to be the long term impression of America's activities? whereas many historians have explored that question, Hayashi takes a clean examine how U.S. focus camps affected not just their sufferers and American civil liberties, but in addition humans residing in destinations as varied as American Indian reservations and northeast Thailand.

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Leighton’s work with Navahos and Eskimos combined modern psychiatry with a healthy respect for indigenous cultures of Native Americans, and signaled an elevation of “culture” at the expense of “race,” a feature of Collier’s cultural pluralism. Moreover, Leighton’s design of the bureau fit with the Collier’s idea of applied anthropology in the service of directing racial minorities toward a significant role in the war effort. Hence, Collier had Leighton assigned as his adviser to the OIA by July 1941, and in June 1942 had him begin his camp study with a position in the hospital staff, directing his section to better service the physical and emotional needs of the internees.

They believed those sites offered a unique opportunity to research and test their understanding of Japanese culture for the war effort against Japan. S. Navy’s comprehension of Japanese psychology in preparation for the anticipated American occupation of Japan. As he said in his speech to Japanese Americans in November 1942, Poston was to become a colony in which democracy would be taught and experienced but also a place where social scientists could learn more about Japanese culture. Collier believed Poston’s Bureau of Sociological Research could serve a number of important functions.

34 Suspicions of Italian Americans’ loyalty to the United States also persisted, though fear of a military threat from Italy seemed remote. By 1940, Italian Americans in Los Angeles felt the pull of Benito Mussolini’s propaganda. They successfully pushed for high school Italian language courses, college credits for them, and an Italian literature class at the University of Southern California. Their language textbooks were pro-Fascist in the late 1930s and a number of them joined the Italian armed forces in the war against Ethiopia.

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