Dark History of the Kings and Queens of England by Brenda Ralph Lewis

England

By Brenda Ralph Lewis

Regardless of its attractiveness because the longest confirmed in Europe, the background of the English monarchy is punctuated by way of scandal, murders, betrayals, plots, and treason. because William the Conqueror seized the crown in 1066, England has obvious 3 civil wars; six monarchs were murdered or carried out; the throne of britain has been usurped 4 occasions, and gained in conflict 3 times; and private scandals and royal relatives quarrels abound. a gloomy historical past: The Kings & Queens of britain offers an exhilarating and dramatic account of English royal historical past from 1066 to the current day. This engrossing e-book explores the scandal and intrigue at the back of every one royal dynasty, from the ‘accidental’ homicide of William II in 1100, throughout the excesses of Richard III, Henry VIII and ‘Bloody’ Mary, to the conspiracies surrounding the dying of Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. rigorously researched, fantastically interesting and illustrated all through with greater than two hundred color and black-and-white images and artistic endeavors, this obtainable and immensely stress-free publication highlights the real personalities and actual lives of the contributors honoured with the crown of England—and these unlucky sufficient to move their paths.

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Although the King and Parliament did come into conflict over foreign policy, and free speech, which led to Parliaments dissolution, it was evident that 1614 had not signalled the end of the possibility of co-operation between them. This was highlighted by the Parliament of 1624. Called to vote supplies for war against Spain, it responded with great enthusiasm. The King and political nation were united in their approach to foreign policy and in their declaration of Protestant unity, and £300,000 was duly granted for the waging of a naval war.

The Stuart inheritance 21 What finally forced Elizabeth into open hostilities, however, were strategic concerns that threatened the security of England itself. The prospect of the defeat of Dutch rebels struggling for independence from Spain raised the possibility of a Spanish invasion of England from the Netherlands. Elizabeth was determined not to allow this to happen, and declared war on Spain in 1585, sending an army under the command of the Earl of Leicester to aid the Dutch. Although hugely expensive, the war against Spain was largely successful.

On his journey south from Scotland, James was presented with the Millenary Petition, so called because it bore the signatures of over a thousand Church ministers. Outlining Puritan grievances, it was essentially a moderate document that wanted to see an improvement in clerical standards, and changes in the style of worship. The issues were familiar ones from the previous reign: the sign of cross in baptism, the use of clerical vestments, the lack of sermons and preaching, bowing at the name of Jesus, the existence of ‘popish opinion’ within the church, and so on.

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