Chronicling Poverty: The Voices and Strategies of the by Tim Hitchcock, Peter King, Pamela Sharpe

England

By Tim Hitchcock, Peter King, Pamela Sharpe

Over the final two decades progressively more historians of the eighteenth and early 19th centuries have grew to become their eyes clear of the files of vital management, in the direction of neighborhood data, and the lives of the negative. What they've got chanced on is a wealth of assets a few of which chronicle the lives, and lots of of which checklist the phrases, of operating humans. This booklet will collect the very best paintings in response to those sources.

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Additional info for Chronicling Poverty: The Voices and Strategies of the English Poor, 1640–1840

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I06 In sum, then, what did receiving a pension mean to the recipient? Would-be pensioners might, if turned out of their pensions or if the ruling vestry was intent on monitoring pensions lists closely, have to petition direct to the ruling elite or to local IPs for new pensions, restitution or additions, although this would entail both personal financial cost lO7 and the possibility of rejection on moral or behavioural grounds and might still mean a wait until overseers could investigate their cases.

81 Pensioners were sometimes subject to personal inspection by vestry men or churchwardens at the point when they picked their pensions up on 'pay days' in the vestry house. 85 Interestingly, it seems that pensioners did not always appear in person to collect their pensions on pay days, perhaps to avoid this supervision. In 1656, a parish officer normally responsible for surveying inmates, was to be sent four or five days before theyr next pay day ... to all the Penconers and Orphants dwelling in and nere the parish to give them notice that they appeare everyone in theyr owne persons to rec[eive] theyr pay except such as by reason of lamnes of sicknes cannot come, and such as doe not come not haveing a law full excuse to hinder them are to receave noe moore pencons.

These vestry minutes figures, of course, record some orphans, individuals put onto the extraordinary account and also those rejected, so that even the number of petitions overstates the number which concern only applications for parish pensions proper. See, for example, note 58. 213, 14 Nov. 1659. 1660/1. 309, 18 Feb. 1662/3. 39-40, 20 April 1669. 190v. II, 15 Nov. 182, 23 Dec. 1658. 198, 17 Oct. 1677. 26. 205. Banbridge never appeared on the pension books. l31. 21 March 1670. 48. 13 June 1654.

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