Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: The Cyanine Dyes and by Frances M. Hamer

Chemical Engineering

By Frances M. Hamer

Content material:
Chapter I quite often Introductory (pages 1–31):
Chapter II Methincyanines (pages 32–76):
Chapter III Methincyanines with Substituents at the Chain (pages 77–85):
Chapter IV Symmetrical Trimethincyanines (pages 86–115):
Chapter V Unsymmetrical Trimethincyanines (pages 116–147):
Chapter VI Trimethincyanines with Substituents at the Chain (pages 148–199):
Chapter VII Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Pentamethincyanines, together with people with Substituents at the Chain (pages 200–243):
Chapter VIII Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Heptamethincyanines, together with people with Substituents at the Chain; Polymethincyanines (pages 244–269):
Chapter IX Cyanines within which the Odd?Numbered Carbon Chain, Which hyperlinks the Nuclei, or a part of it, is Cyclic (pages 270–291):
Chapter X diversifications within the Nuclei Which input into Cyanine Molecules (pages 292–350):
Chapter XI Bases, together with a few With Substituents at the Chain, of Which Cyanines are the Quaternary Salts (pages 351–374):
Chapter XII Azacyanines, together with Dyes Substituted at the Chain, and Bases of Which the Quaternary Salts are Azacyanines (pages 375–397):
Chapter XIII convinced periods of Dyes relating to Cyanines (pages 398–510):
Chapter XIV Merocyanines (pages 511–611):
Chapter XV Trinuclear and Polynuclear Cyanines (pages 612–684):
Chapter XVI the connection among color and structure within the Cyanine sequence (pages 685–705):
Chapter XVII Photographic Sensitisation and a few different homes and makes use of of Cyanine Dyes (pages 706–741):

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Additional resources for Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18

Sample text

CH: with One Di-, One Tetra-, and One Penta-methin Segment ................ F. N:C-=$~: with One Trimethin and Two a-Azatrimethin Segments ............................ G. CH: trimethin, One Pentamethin, and One a-Azapentamethin Segment ................................................ H. CH:C<#~ with One ay-Diazatrimethin and Two a-Azatrimethin Segments ........................ I. CH :C-CH: with One Tri- and Two Di-methin Segments: A Tetranuclear Derivative ..............................................

E. Fluorescence of Cyanines F. Polymerisation and Sensitisation of the Second Type ................................ 707 707 708 710 712 715 716 Contents XXXVI . G Effects of Non-Planarity of the Dye Molecule .............. H . Supersensitisation and Anti-Sensitisation .................. I Mechanism of Sensitisation. etc........................... 3. Desensitisation ............................................ 4. Use of Cyanines as Dyes for Textiles .......................... 5 Use in Photographic Filter Layers ............................

The name then specifies the nature of the nuclei, their positions of linking, and the length of the chain joining them. A few examples of the systematic names are given in the pages that follow (see section 5-C; 11-1-Band C;IV-2-B, C, D, and E; IV-6-D; IX-7; X-5-A). C. , but notes that others prefer methine, dimethine, etc. 5. Cyanines in which the Nucfei are Directly Linked (Apocydnes) A. General According to a patent of 1903,81the action of caustic alkali on hot alcoholic solutions of quinoline alkiodide gave red and yellow dyes, which differed from cyanine and isocyanine in that their aqueous solutions were not instantly decolorised by mineral acids.

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