Charles I by Hilaire Belloc

England

By Hilaire Belloc

A impressive portrait of Charles I, this publication additionally seems to be heavily on the position that the burgeoning monetary powers performed in shaping eu politics and the results that those powers had at the English monarchy in the course of his reign. Belloc additionally explores the implications of those results for Europe quite often. whilst, it's a exact learn of the guy who used to be Charles I with all his strengths, all his weaknesses. Belloc’s feel of background sheds mild on how these strengths and weaknesses contributed to motion or inactiveness through Charles and the way these activities affected England and the remainder of Europe.

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Nevertheless, at the moment of which we speak, the determining thing was that the Scottish people as an active political force were intensely Calvinist in spirit, particularly in their capital of Edinburgh. Now in one way this would tend to make Englishmen suspicious of the Calvinist temper, for Scotland was still the hereditary enemy and a Scotchman still an alien in England, as was an Englishman in the eyes of Scotchmen. But on the other hand the presence of an active example abroad is always of great support to those who are of the same opinion at home.

The King paid for what he regularly needed, however public the service, out of what he privately owned – his control of the forest and waste lands, his ownership of manors, his feudal dues paid to him personally as an owner of feudal rights over his direct tenants, through wardships, and the proceeds of his courts of justice. And the very word “tax” meant in those days almost the opposite of what it means today. It did not mean a regular recurrent levy; it meant a special payment made to meet a particular crisis, and not to be repeated.

But it is significant that the envoys of the King of Spain pleaded with the Pope for the new Liturgy, urging that it might be reconciled with Catholicism; and even the Oath of Supremacy, which was capital to the carrying out of Cecil’s plans, was not universally imposed. In many parishes where men took Communion in the Anglican form they also continued to take it privately in the Roman. When the real change did come, after 1569, the persecution of Catholicism was always represented not as a persecution of religion, but of treason.

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