Carbon Nanotubes: Theoretical Concepts and Research by A. K. Haghi, Sabu Thomas

Chemical Engineering

By A. K. Haghi, Sabu Thomas

This ebook provides the variety of modern advances in carbon nanotubes from a huge standpoint that might be valuable for scientists in addition to for graduate scholars and engineers. featuring modern study during this dynamic box, this quantity is an creation to the actual thoughts wanted for investigating carbon nanotubes and different one-dimensional solid-state platforms. Written for a large clinical readership, every one bankruptcy comprises an instructive method of the subject and sustainable rules for options.

Carbon nanotubes, with their striking mechanical and particular digital houses, have garnered a lot cognizance lately. With a wide variety of capability functions, together with nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical structures, and plenty of extra, the clinical neighborhood is extra stimulated than ever to maneuver past simple homes and discover the genuine concerns linked to carbon nanotube-based functions. Carbon nanotubes are awfully attention-grabbing from a primary study viewpoint. They open up new views for numerous functions, equivalent to nano-transistors in circuits, field-emission screens, man made muscle mass, or further reinforcements in alloys.

This ebook reports the new development in modeling of carbon nanotubes and their composites. the benefits and drawbacks of alternative tools are mentioned. the power of continuum ways to bridge diversified scales is emphasised. ideas for destiny examine are given via targeting what each one technique has to benefit from the nano-scale. The scope of the booklet is to supply present wisdom aiming to aid researchers getting into the medical sector of carbon nanotubes to settle on the suitable modeling instrument for achieving their learn and position their efforts to additional enhance continuum methods.

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They studied the fabrication of composites by in situ ultrasonic induced emulsion polymerization of acryl ate. It was not necessary to use any initiating species, and the polymer chains were covalently attached to the nanotube surface. MWNT grafted with poly (methyl methacrylate) were synthesized by emulsion polymerization of the monomer in the presence of a radical initiator 130b or a cross-linking agent. CNT were found to react mostly with radical-type oligomers. The modified tubes had an enhanced adhesion to the polymer matrix, as could be observed by the improved mechanical properties of the composite.

One of newest application that shows importance of pore structure control in carbon materials is an EDLCor super capacitor that is an energy storage device that uses the electric double layer formed at the interface between an electrode and the electrolyte. EDLCs are well documented to exhibit significantly higher specific powers and longer cycle lifetimes compared with those of most of rechargeable batteries, including lead acid, Ni-MH, and Li-ion batteries. Hence, EDLCs have attracted considerable interest, given the ever-increasing demands of electric vehicles, portable electronic devices, and power sources for memory backup.

The principle of electrochemical capacitors, physical adsorption/desorption of electrolyte ions in solution, was applied for water purification by using different carbon materials [108–113]. This chapter is concerned with such pore control methods proposed by researchers that their ultimate goal is to establish a method with tailoring carbon material pore structures to reach any kind of application. Researchers would like too much effort that has made to control micro and mesopore in carbon materials, and prepare them in achieving the stnal goal.

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