Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 4, August by Paul Bloom & Barbara L. Finlay (Editors)

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By Paul Bloom & Barbara L. Finlay (Editors)

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Extra info for Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 4, August 2010

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Firstly, it remains unclear whether Anderson considers locally fixed internal workings to be already present at birth – in which case one innately specified mechanism (modules) is simply being replaced by another (fixed internal neuronal workings) – or whether his approach encompasses the development of such neural functions over ontogeny. On the one hand, aspects of neuronal differentiation may indeed emerge early in development through intrinsic factors that determine cortical connections, causing cortically localized functions to be highly preserved across individuals, cultures, and even species (but see Han & Northoff 2008; Orban et al.

Domain reuse is evident in using physical lines (or circles on clocks) to represent time, or using parts of one’s body, such as fingers, to represent numbers. Functional reuse occurs, for instance, when one uses a chess-board to not only play a game, but to plan moves by physically implementing mock sequences of moves on the board. Another example would be cultural rituals where important prior events are remembered, as opposed to performed, through re-enactment (reenactments of Civil War battles are not battles, any more than a memory of a birthday party is itself a birthday party).

The word “in”). A related view is Grush’s emulation theory of representation (Grush 2004), which describes in detail how models used for perceptual functions can be reused for visual imagery, motor planning, and many others. Other examples include making a sensibility judgment (whether the sentences such as “kick a ball” or “kick a cloud” convey a feasible body movement), which, as the target article discusses, requires the activation of the motor circuits usually involved with modeling the body for planning and guidance of real actions.

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