Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 32, Issue 5, October by Paul Bloom & Barbara L. Finlay (Editors)
By Paul Bloom & Barbara L. Finlay (Editors)
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Extra info for Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 32, Issue 5, October 2009
Van Dantzig et al. 2008; Vermeulen et al. 2008) and in affective systems (Niedenthal 2007; Niedenthal et al. in press; Vermeulen et al. 2007). Thus, expressed emotion (such as facial expression) might also have the function of providing a grounded support of emotional knowledge (for a review, see Niedenthal 2007). Such a view is consistent with the observation that people automatically mimic a perceived facial expression (Dimberg 1982; 1990). The embodied cognition view suggests that mimicry constitutes part of the simulation (emotional mirroring) of perceived emotion to facilitate its comprehension.
4. Social-cognitive models of human behavior: A parsimonious account of emotional expressivity and sex differences in emotional expressivity. Key assumptions of the SRFB remain speculative. Specifically, the adaptive significance of sex differences in expressivity in ancestral human populations and the conservation of such purported differences both across cultures and throughout modern human evolution cannot be validated. Moreover, extant research suggests women and men are much more alike than different in their emotional expression.
The details of the modeling are described in Oosterhof and Todorov (2008). Vigil proposes that “gender-specific emotive behaviors would have coevolved with these [social] constraints in order to regulate interpersonal dynamics to enhance social fitness” (target article, sect. 1, para. 3). Vigil’s framework can be used to make sense of apparently contradictory findings in the literature regarding the relationship between smiling and affect; moreover, the framework is useful for understanding our own recent empirical findings concerning gender differences in emotional expression.