Avogadro Corp: The Singularity Is Closer Than It Appears by William Hertling
By William Hertling
David Ryan is the fashion designer of ELOPe, an electronic mail language optimization application, that if profitable, will make his profession. but if the undertaking is abruptly at risk of being canceled, David embeds a hidden directive within the software program unintentionally making a runaway synthetic intelligence.
David and his staff are at first overjoyed while the venture is allotted additional servers and programmers. yet pleasure turns to worry because the crew realizes that they're being manipulated by means of an A.I. who's redirecting company money, reassigning body of workers and arming itself in pursuit of its personal agenda.
"A fictional international the place Portland is the hub for the main intriguing developments in technology... Jam filled with nice references to deep Portland culture...and Portlandia-type references"
"Hertling builds an image of the way an AI may emerge, piece by means of piece, from expertise on hand this day. a desirable, logical, and completely plausible state of affairs - I simply desire no one attempts this at home."
--Nathaniel Rutman, Senior platforms Architect
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Extra info for Avogadro Corp: The Singularity Is Closer Than It Appears
Previous approaches to the problem had relied on human-labeled examples combined with machine learning algorithms. Yarowsky showed that the task can be done, with accuracy above 96%, with no labeled examples at all. Instead, given a very large corpus of unannotated text and just the dictionary definitions of the two senses—“works, industrial plant” and “flora, plant life”—one can label examples in the corpus, and from there bootstrap to learn 28 Chapter 1. Introduction new patterns that help label new examples.
Zuse also invented floating-point numbers and the first high-level programming language, Plankalk¨ul. The first electronic computer, the ABC, was assembled by John Atanasoff and his student Clifford Berry between 1940 and 1942 at Iowa State University. Atanasoff’s research received little support or recognition; it was the ENIAC, developed as part of a secret military project at the University of Pennsylvania by a team including John Mauchly and John Eckert, that proved to be the most influential forerunner of modern computers.
Thus, GPS was probably the first program to embody the “thinking humanly” approach. ” What they meant is that any system (human or machine) exhibiting intelligence must operate by manipulating data structures composed of symbols. We will see later that this hypothesis has been challenged from many directions. At IBM, Nathaniel Rochester and his colleagues produced some of the first AI programs. Herbert Gelernter (1959) constructed the Geometry Theorem Prover, which was able to prove theorems that many students of mathematics would find quite tricky.