Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

Political Freedom

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology

Non-lethal guns (NLWs) are designed to lessen fatalities and different undesired collateral harm while used. occasions of the previous couple of years together with the assault at the USS Cole have raised rules concerning the function NLWs can play in improving help to naval forces. particularly to what quantity and in what parts may still division of the army (DoN) -sponsored technology and know-how (S&T) offer a learn base for constructing NLW features? to aid with this question and to guage the present NLWs application, the Joint Non-Lethal guns Directorate (JNLWD) and the workplace of Naval learn (ONR) asked the nationwide learn Council practice an evaluate of NLWs technology and know-how. The document offers the result of that evaluate. It discusses promising NLW S&T components, improvement accomplishments and matters approximately NLW, and sequence of concepts approximately destiny NLW improvement and application.

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Intercepted vessels must be boarded, usually in difficult conditions, and this requires the means to subdue potentially hostile individuals or entire crews at close range in confined areas. All aspects of such a mission would be significantly enhanced with the availability of non-lethal weapons options. Blockade Needs similar to those in maritime interdiction can arise from the Navy’s blockade mission (and its peacetime equivalent of quarantine): that is, denying an adversary’s use of the seas involves preventing resupply and reinforcements or keeping an adversary’s vessels in port.

Stun guns in the form of air/water jets mounted on vehicles are designed for crowd control. -diameter non-lethal torpedo capable of carrying a 50-lb payload. Control of trauma level from blunt projectiles remains a serious problem. At sufficiently close range, a rubber bullet can be lethal. Some effort has gone into designing a rifle system having an adjustable projectile muzzle velocity depending on distance to the target (and possibly, seriousness of threat), thereby allowing control of blunt trauma effects.

If the route of a threatening or fleeing vehicle can be predetermined—as for an entryway to a garage or a driveway to a building—then THE CURRENT STATUS OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS 33 a strip containing the electric discharge system can be put in place ahead of time. When the route cannot be predetermined, the pulsed-current device must be launched in real time from a ground-based chase vehicle or helicopter. S. embassies or operational airfields and docks—the main impediment is the difficulty of delivery.

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