Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization by Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta

Political Freedom

By Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta

India's growing to be affluence has led specialists to foretell a tremendous rearmament attempt. The second-most populous state on this planet is starting to wield the industrial strength anticipated of this type of behemoth. Its border with Pakistan is a tinderbox, the subcontinent continues to be liable to spiritual extremism, and an army contention among India and China might erupt sooner or later. India has lengthy had the inducement for modernizing its military—it now has the assets to boot. What should still we think to determine sooner or later, and what's going to be the most likely ramifications? In Arming with out Aiming, Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta resolution these the most important questions.

India's military wish new guns worthy greater than $100 billion. yet every one of these guns needs to come from international providers as a result mess ups of India's indigenous study and improvement. guns providers from different countries are queuing up in New Delhi. a protracted courting among India and Russian brands is going again to the chilly conflict. extra lately, India and Israel have built robust army exchange ties. Now, a brand new army dating with the U.S. has generated the best desire for army transformation in India.

Against this backdrop of recent affluence and newfound entry to overseas army know-how, Cohen and Dasgupta examine India's army modernization to discover haphazard army switch that lacks political path, suffers from balkanization of army association and doctrine, is still constrained via slim potential making plans, and is pushed by means of the pursuit of know-how loose from military-strategic targets. the nature of army switch in India, specially the disorder within the political-military institution with reference to procurement, is eventually the results of a old doctrine of strategic restraint in position due to the fact Nehru. In that context, its technique of arming with out strategic function is still conceivable as India seeks great-power lodging of its upward thrust and doesn't are looking to glance threatening. the chance lies in its modernization efforts precipitating a interval of strategic statement or contributing to misperception of India's intentions by means of Pakistan and China, its so much quick rivals.

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We do not know the degree to which the joint venture was actually a cover for the Russians to do the job rather than true joint development. The same is true of the Arihant, India’s “indigenous” nuclear-powered submarine, also likely of Russian origin. History favors a pessimistic view. Despite manufacturing MiG fighters and T-72 tanks under license from the former Soviet Union, India failed to parlay the experience into designing and building the light combat aircraft and the Arjun tank. India is also beginning to buy from the United States, and American companies are pitching their platforms to the Indian Ministry of Defence and the Indian armed forces.

The T-90, a far superior tank, can kill the Arjun. ” Army chief General J. J. indd 32 7/12/10 4:58 PM struggling with reform╇ /╇ 33 Initially, the vaunted guided missile program was thought to be successful. But ten years after the nuclear tests, India has been able to deploy only the Prithvi, whose 150-kilometer range and liquid fuel make it of little practical use. The 1,500-kilometer Agni does not appear to have been produced in large enough numbers for induction into the services. Compared to the success of the space program, which provided the missile program with the basic technology, the failure of the DRDO is visible.

These tend to project imagined, rather than demonstrated, motives and capabilities on India; and only a handful take into account the terrain, political conditions, and nuclear capability of these two countries on the one hand, and the restraint exercised by Indian politicians on the other. A 2009 analysis by BBC defense correspondent Jonathan Marcus is a typical, and much cited study, which concludes that India has an overwhelming advantage. Marcus takes at face value the assertions of India’s military rise and the centrality of military power to this rise.

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