An Assessment of Cameroons Wind and Solar Energy Potential: by Bobbo Nfor Tansi
By Bobbo Nfor Tansi
Cameroon has enormous renewable strength source potentials, with a hydropower capability of approximately fifty five, 200MW, moment basically to the Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa. to date, its strength wishes are met via 4.8% hydropower (which money owed for only five% of its overall hydropower potential), zero% wind and nil% sun. Cameroons' strength zone nonetheless is going via inadequate electricity construction, in particular through the center of the dry season, which runs from December via March. Coincidentally, the wind and solar energy potentials for Cameroon are at their height in the course of those months and will comfortably complement for the shortfalls in new release in the course of those periods.
In this study, technical analyses have been performed to figure out the wind and solar power source potentials for Cameroon utilizing the RETScreen software program software supplied by means of CANMET Canada.
These research printed that the northern areas of Cameroon had better wind and sun source potentials than the other situation in Cameroon. A 2MW put in wind strength skill will be able to producing good over 1.5GWh electricity consistent with 12 months, whereas a 2KW put in solar power capability can be in a position to producing good over 3MWh electricity according to 12 months. within the ultimate sections, monetary research have been conducted to figure out the commercial viability of such tasks and the prospect for self-financing. Emission analyses have been additionally performed in keeping with the power for such initiatives to offset greenhouse gasoline emissions and make sure sustainability within the strength sector.
The research for Maroua printed that 78.6tCO2/yr for wind and 0.1tCO2/yr for sunlight should be decreased by means of these installations.
Finally, the law and felony frameworks governing the strength region in Cameroon have been dissected to figure out attainable weaknesses and constraints restricting the use, merchandising and improvement of the entire power of Cameroon's renewable power resources.
Bobbo Nfor Tansi, was once born in 1982 in Nkambe - Cameroon. After highschool, he studied Geology and Environmental technological know-how on the college of Buea Cameroon and later moved to Cottbus Germany the place he did his M.Sc. in Environmental and source administration. in the course of his M.Sc. application, he got interested within the strength box particularly renewable strength. involved over the susceptible economic climate and negative cutting-edge of strength, he has lengthy been engaged in researches to advertise the use and improvement of renewable strength for a sustainable destiny in particular in Cameroon and Africa. An aspiring PhD scholar, he at the moment is living in Berlin Germany.
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Extra resources for An Assessment of Cameroons Wind and Solar Energy Potential: A Guide for a Sustainable Economic Development
It lies along the right bank of the Benue-River, northeast of Yaoundé. Garoua is the chief commercial centre of the North region and is situated at the junction of the Maroua-Ngouandere road and the Benue waterway. Garoua has long developed as a river port with river steamers and barges bringing petroleum and cement to the city and in return, carry hides and skin, cotton and peanuts 1,900km down the Benue to Nigeria2 (Britannica, 2009). 2 This shippment is done during a brief period (August-September).
Based on this result, a calculated 2,552 of such wind plants would be required to generate 3,490GWh energy for Cameroon in this location, operating under the same circumstances. 44 Adamawa – Ngaoundéré From the meteorological data for Ngaoundéré given in Table 4-4 above, it can be realized that the further down south, the lower the wind speeds become and hence the lower the potential for wind energy in these regions. 0m/s. The software further assessed that this wind plant would generate 876MWh electricity per year, which is approximately equal to half the value that a similar wind plant would generate in Maroua, operating under the same circumstances.
The energy incident on the Earth from the wide electromagnetic spectrum emitted by the sun may be converted to useful heat, to electricity, or used to create a fuel. A similar analysis to that of the wind resource was done for each of the ten locations to assess the solar potential in these areas. This was different from the wind energy analysis because the entire nation showed some potential for solar energy above average, although the results were most positive still in the northern regions and less positive down south.