Alternative Fuels Guidebook - Properties, Storage, by Richard L. Bechtold

Chemical Engineering

By Richard L. Bechtold

The time period "alternative gasoline" has been used to explain any gasoline prompt to be used in transportation cars except gas or diesel gasoline. This e-book covers a variety of fuels, together with alcohols, gases, and vegetable oils. The publication provides the basics had to comprehend the actual and chemical houses of different fuels, and the way they effect refueling procedure layout and amendment of present garages for security. As such, it's a blend of reference and normal advisor for engineers and fleet managers whose activity is to enforce substitute gasoline cars.
• entrance topic
• Preface
• desk of Contents
• creation
1. replacement Fuels and Their Origins
2. homes and standards
three. fabrics Compatibility
four. garage and dishing out
five. Refueling Facility install and storage Facility changes
• 6. thesaurus of phrases
• in regards to the writer

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32. , "The Hydrogen Economy," Scientific American, Vol. 228, No. 1, January 1973. 33. S. Chemical Industry," Chemical and Engineering News, Vol. 74, No. 26, June 24, 1996. 34. S. Department of Energy, "Monthly Energy Review-July 1996," DOE/ EIA-0035(96/07), Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use. 35. S. Department of Energy Report DOE/CS/51212-1, Vol. 3, May 1983. 36. , "Ford's 1996 Crown Victoria Dedicated Natural Gas Vehicle," SAE Paper No. , 1995. 42 Chapter Two Properties and Specifications The properties of a fuel define its physical and chemical characteristics.

Vehicles that have catalytic converters have also shown very low hydrocarbon emissions, presumably because unburned propane is more easily oxidized than the typical mix of unburned hydrocarbons produced from gasoline. Oxides of nitrogen emissions are typically unaffected compared to operation using gasoline. However, propane fuel systems that are calibrated to the lean side of stoichiometric may cause an increase in oxides of nitrogen, especially in those vehicles having three-way catalysts. While the "jury" may still be out on the exhaust emissions of propane vehicles, it is certain that propane vehicles do not have evaporative or running loss emissions caused by the fuel.

Y, July 1981. 24. Disbrow, Jim, "Data Collection on Alternative-Fuel Vehicles," Monthly Energy Review, Energy Information Administration, October 1994. 25. S. S. Transportation Sector-Progress Report One: Context and Analytical Framework," January 1988. 26. , "LPG Conversion and HC Emissions Speciation of a Light-Duty Vehicle," SAE Paper No. , 1993. 27. Federal Register, Vol. 59, No. 182, September 21, 1994, pp. 43472-48538. 28. Vegetable Oil Fuels, Proceedings of the Intemational Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels, August 2-4, 1982, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St.

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