Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and by Cristóbal de Molina
By Cristóbal de Molina
Only a number of many years after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a file at the spiritual practices of the Incas. The record was once ready by means of Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the health center for the Natives of Our woman of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher basic of the town. Molina used to be a good Quechua speaker, and his complicated language abilities allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals performed on the peak of Inca rule. hence, Molina's account preserves an important first-hand checklist of Inca non secular ideals and practices.
This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas on the grounds that 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly statement and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca production myths and outlines of the key gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses crucial rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the yr, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, resembling delivery rituals, girl initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, during which all of the shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial move that unfold around the Andes throughout the past due 1560s based on turning out to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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24 Thus, having heard this, the shepherd dis12 ] Account of the Fables and Rites of the incas cussed it with his six sons and daughters, and they decided to gather as much food and livestock as they could, and [then] they climbed a very high hill called Ancasmarca. They say that as the waters rose and covered the earth, the hill grew in such a way that the [waters] never covered it. Afterward, as the waters subsided, the hill also grew smaller. Thus, from the shepherd’s six children who escaped [from] there, the province of these Cuyos was repopulated.
43 The Inca would stay there in Mantucalla until the end of the month, and when that time arrived, the Inca would go to the plaza called Haucaypata,44 which is in front of the Cuzco church. 45 He would drink there for the rest of the day and at night he would go to his house. In this way, the month ended. June They called the month of June Cauay [or] by another name, Chahuarhuay. 46 July They called the month of July Moronpassa Tarpuiquilla. In this month they performed the Yahuayra celebrations, during which they asked the Creator for all the food to grow and produce well in that year, and for it to be a prosperous [year].
In the same way, Most Reverend Lord, they would confess that the Creator made the people and everything [else] that existed before the Flood. However, they do not know in what order or how, except for what has been said about Tiahuanaco. This is what I have been able to learn and obtain regarding their fables, rituals, and origins from all the elders with whom I have dealt and discussed this business. 20 ] Account of the Fables and Rites of the incas Chapter 5 The Rituals of the Months of the Year T he types of rituals and sacrifices that they carried out, in each month of the year, are as follows.