A Short History of German Philosophy by Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall

Germany

By Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall

Initially released as Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie. Translated via Steven Rendall

This concise yet entire ebook presents an unique heritage of German-language philosophy from the center a while to this present day. In an available narrative that explains advanced principles in transparent language, Vittorio Hösle strains the evolution of German philosophy and describes its crucial impression on different points of German tradition, together with literature, politics, and technological know-how.

Starting with the medieval mystic Meister Eckhart, the ebook addresses the philosophical alterations caused through Luther's Reformation, after which provides a close account of the classical age of German philosophy, together with the paintings of Leibniz and Kant; the increase of a brand new kind of humanities in Lessing, Hamann, Herder, and Schiller; the early Romantics; and the Idealists Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. the subsequent chapters examine the cave in of the German synthesis in Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Turning to the 20th century, the publication explores the increase of analytical philosophy in Frege and the Vienna and Berlin circles; the basis of the old sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey; Husserl's phenomenology and its radical alteration through Heidegger; the Nazi philosophers Gehlen and Schmitt; and the most West German philosophers, together with Gadamer, Jonas, and people of the 2 Frankfurt faculties. Arguing that there has been a particular German philosophical culture from the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, the ebook closes by means of interpreting why that culture mostly led to the many years after global battle II.

A philosophical background outstanding for its scope, brevity, and lucidity, this can be a useful publication for college students of philosophy and a person drawn to German highbrow and cultural history.

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22 Chapter 2 The condemnation of Eckhart did not prevent the dissemination of his writings. On the one hand, his pupils Johannes Tauler (c. 1300–1361) and Heinrich Seuse (1295 or 1297–1366), who was even beatified in 1831, pursued Eckhart’s ideas in a less radical vein, more edifying than philosophical. On the other hand, his personal fate inspired a Middle Dutch dialogue, probably written around 1340 and usually described as “antihierarchical,” in which Eckhart converses with a layman and sharply criticizes the clergy’s patronizing and persecution of simple people.

But he manages not only to represent Martha as superior, but also to interpret Luke’s Jesus as actually criticizing Mary and praising Martha. Eckhart’s conception of God is no less novel. ), and defends the thesis that in God knowledge grounds being. Being is the vestibule, but reason is the temple of God, we read in Sermon 9. ” This is (in a way that is not really plausible) connected with a negative theology according to which God stands over being, a theology that ultimately goes back to Plato and Neoplatonism.

Nicholas began his studies in Heidelberg, but he took his degree in canon law in Padua, and in Italy absorbed the spirit of the early Renaissance. He formed a lifelong friendship with Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, the eminent astronomer and cartographer who encouraged Columbus to sail westward toward India. Benefitting from a humanistic education, he discovered, among other things, manuscripts of previously unknown comedies by Plautus. His studies in the history of law permitted him to declare that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery before Lorenzo Valla did the same.

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